What Is Magnetisation?

what is magnetisation

Are you curious to know what is magnetisation? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about magnetisation in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is magnetisation?

What Is Magnetisation?

Magnetization is the process by which a material acquires magnetic properties. This can happen spontaneously, as in the case of ferromagnetic materials like iron, nickel, and cobalt, or it can be induced through an external magnetic field. In this blog post, we will explore the phenomenon of magnetization, its types, and its applications in various fields.

Types Of Magnetization

There are three types of magnetization:

  • Ferromagnetism: In ferromagnetic materials, the magnetization occurs spontaneously due to the alignment of the atomic spins. The atomic spins align in the same direction, producing a strong magnetic field that causes the material to become magnetized. Ferromagnetic materials are used in a wide range of applications, including electrical generators, motors, and transformers.
  • Paramagnetism: In paramagnetic materials, the magnetization is induced by an external magnetic field. When a paramagnetic material is placed in a magnetic field, the atomic spins align themselves in the direction of the field, producing a weak magnetic field. This weak magnetic field is used in applications such as MRI machines and magnetic separators.
  • Diamagnetism: Diamagnetic materials have no permanent magnetic properties and are not attracted to a magnet. However, when placed in an external magnetic field, the electrons in the material align themselves in a way that produces a magnetic field that opposes the external magnetic field. Diamagnetic materials are used in levitation technology and some medical applications.

Applications Of Magnetization

Magnetization has several practical applications in different fields:

  • Electrical Engineering: Magnetization is an essential process in electrical engineering, where it is used to create magnetic fields for motors, generators, and transformers. These devices rely on magnetization to produce the magnetic field needed to generate electric power.
  • Medical Science: Magnetization is used in medical science in applications such as MRI machines. The strong magnetic field produced by MRI machines is used to produce detailed images of the human body.
  • Materials Science: Materials science researchers use magnetization to study the magnetic properties of different materials. The study of magnetization in materials can help to create new materials that have specific magnetic properties for use in various applications.
  • Data Storage: Magnetization is used in data storage devices such as hard drives, where magnetized regions on a disk represent binary digits (bits) of information. When the magnetic regions are read by a device, the data is retrieved and processed.


In conclusion, magnetization is a fundamental process that occurs naturally in ferromagnetic materials and can also be induced in paramagnetic and diamagnetic materials. Magnetization has many practical applications in various fields, including electrical engineering, medical science, materials science, and data storage. Understanding the process of magnetization and its types is essential for developing new materials and technologies that rely on magnetization for their function.


What Is The Meaning Of Magnetization?

noun. the process of magnetizing or the state of being magnetized. Electricity. the magnetic moment per unit volume induced by any external magnetic field: measured in amperes per meter.

What Is Magnetization 12th Class?

Magnetization, also termed magnetic polarization, is a vector quantity that measures the density of permanent or induced dipole moment in a given magnetic material. As we know, magnetization results from the magnetic moment, which results from the motion of electrons in the atoms or the spin of electrons or the nuclei.

What Is Magnetization And Its Si Unit?

Magnetization is a measure of the density of induced magnetic dipole moments in a magnetic material. It is mathematically given as- M=dVdm. Hence, the SI unit of magnetization is (m)(J/T) =A/m.

What Is Magnetization Class 8?

Exposing a piece of iron or a substance to a magnetic field and converting it into a permanent or temporary magnet is magnetisation.


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