What Is The Role Of Judiciary?

Are you curious to know what is the role of judiciary? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about the role of judiciary in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is the role of judiciary?

What Is The Role Of Judiciary?

Within the framework of a nation’s governance, the judiciary stands as a pillar of justice, entrusted with the vital responsibility of upholding the rule of law, safeguarding rights, and ensuring fairness within society. The role of the judiciary extends far beyond the courtroom, playing a pivotal role in shaping the fabric of a just and equitable society.

Guardians Of Justice And The Rule Of Law

The judiciary serves as the custodian of justice, responsible for interpreting laws, resolving disputes, and ensuring that justice is served impartially. Its primary roles include:

  • Interpreting Laws: The judiciary interprets and applies laws, ensuring their alignment with constitutional principles and fairness.
  • Adjudication: Courts and judges resolve disputes, applying legal principles to render impartial decisions in civil, criminal, and constitutional matters.
  • Protection of Rights: Safeguarding individual rights and liberties by adjudicating cases involving violations of fundamental rights.

Checks And Balances In Governance

The judiciary acts as a crucial check on the powers of the executive and legislative branches:

  • Judicial Review: The power of judicial review allows courts to assess the constitutionality of laws and governmental actions, ensuring they align with the constitution.
  • Preserving Separation of Powers: By ensuring the separation of powers among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches, the judiciary safeguards against the concentration of power in one entity.

Upholding Equality And Fairness

The judiciary plays a pivotal role in ensuring equality, fairness, and social justice:

  • Access to Justice: Providing a platform for all individuals, regardless of background, to seek legal redress and have their grievances heard.
  • Protecting Minorities and Marginalized Groups: Upholding the rights of minorities and marginalized communities, ensuring they receive fair treatment and protection under the law.

Setting Precedents And Guiding Principles

Landmark judgments and legal precedents set by the judiciary serve as guiding principles for future cases and legislative actions:

  • Legal Precedents: Decisions made by higher courts establish legal precedents that guide future judicial rulings and interpretations.
  • Clarifying Legal Ambiguities: Courts resolve legal ambiguities and provide clarity on complex legal issues, contributing to the evolution and refinement of laws.


The role of the judiciary transcends courtroom proceedings, extending into the very fabric of societal governance and the preservation of individual rights. Its commitment to justice, fairness, and the rule of law serves as a cornerstone in fostering a just and equitable society. As the guardian of constitutional values and rights, the judiciary continues to shape the course of nations, ensuring that justice prevails for all.


What Is The Role Of Judiciary Class 8?

Dispute Resolution: The judicial system provides a mechanism for solving disputes between citizens, and the government, between two state governments and between the centre and state governments.

What Is Judiciary Class 9?

The judiciary is the collective name that represents all the courts of a country. The Indian judiciary consists of: Supreme court for the entire nation. High courts in the states. District courts and local courts are two types of courts.

What Is The Role Of Judiciary In India?

The judiciary is that branch of the government that interprets the law, settles disputes and administers justice to all citizens. The judiciary is considered the watchdog of democracy, and also the guardian of the Constitution.

What Is Judiciary Short Answer?

The judiciary is the branch of authority in a country which is concerned with law and the legal system. [formal] The judiciary must think very hard before jailing non-violent offenders.

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